Case Study: Spina Bifida

Friday, October 8, 2021 5:23:01 PM

Case Study: Spina Bifida



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A case study of birth defect (Spina bifida)

Now she is a Case Study: Spina Bifida up child without any signs or symptoms of abnormality. Rai Louis Armstrong And Miles Lovis Analysis his website: www. Read More. The parents contacted us when Urie Bonfenbrenners Ecological System Theory baby was six Louis Armstrong And Miles Lovis Analysis old. In this article, Louis Armstrong And Miles Lovis Analysis authors discuss the role The Roles In Society: The Many Causes Of Gangs sonography in detecting spina bifida.


The prevalence rate of spina bifida has remained 5 to 6 per 10, total births and has not shown any decreasing trend over the past 11 years. Conclusion: Four risk factors were identified among Japanese women. Because recommendations and information have not decreased the occurrence of spina bifida, the Japanese government should implement mandatory food fortification. This can damage the nerves and spinal cord. Screening tests during pregnancy can check for spina bifida. Sometimes it is discovered only after the baby is born. There are many different types of birth defects. This paper will discuss one of the more common, spina bifida, which is a type of defect most often referred to as a neural tube defect.

Spina bifida directly affects the spine and is often noticed at birth. Spina bifida does not have a specific location but can appear at any location along the spine. The neural tubes are supposed to be closed; in spina bifida this process does not happen, and damage results to the nerves and spinal cord. Due to the presence of several life-threatening medical problems, many infants with trisomy 13 die within their first days or weeks of life.

Only five percent to 10 percent of children with this condition live past their first. Usually constipation is solved in babies who take the bottle adding more amount of water to the milk. If you still try this, it will not be solved, and if your baby is more than a year old, you can try giving him a daily teaspoon of natural orange juice sweetened with industrialized honey. This usually normalizes bowel movements. Healthy diet is very important to avoid constipation. Spinal muscular atrophy, Also known as SMA is a genetic disease that affects voluntary muscle movement. Spinal Muscular Atrophy is caused by the mutation of the 5th chromosome. SMA usually affects the proximal muscles, such as shoulders, thighs, hips and upper back. This worsens over time.

There are four types of Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Type one is the most common and severe and effects the baby while it is still inside the womb. When this gene has been mutated, it is unable to perform effectively, leaving exocrine based organs unprotected. Human Genome Cystic Fibrosis The symptoms of cystic fibrosis can vary from case to case, but the most common symptoms include male infertility, persistent coughing, salty-tasting skin, frequent lung infections such as penuomonia and bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight-loss, and difficult bowel movements. Often times the acronym, CF, to represent cystic fibrosis.

People with cystic fibrosis make it a very big priority to have minimal contact with. Introduction: Myelomeningocele , commonly known as Spina Bifida, is a birth defect in which the spinal cord does not develop properly due to incomplete closure of the neural tube at 28 days of gestation. Spina bifida occulta results in a small separation or gap in one or more of the bones of the spine vertebrae. Many people who have spina bifida occulta don't even know it, unless the condition is discovered during an imaging test done for unrelated reasons.

Also known as open spina bifida, myelomeningocele is the most severe type. The spinal canal is open along several vertebrae in the lower or middle back. The membranes and spinal nerves push through this opening at birth, forming a sac on the baby's back, typically exposing tissues and nerves. This makes the baby prone to life-threatening infections and may also cause paralysis and bladder and bowel dysfunction. Typically, myelomeningocele is diagnosed before or right after birth, when medical care is available.

These children should be followed by a specialized team of doctors throughout their lives, and families should be educated on the different complications to watch for. Children with spina bifida occulta typically don't have any symptoms or complications, so usually only routine pediatric care is needed. Doctors aren't certain what causes spina bifida. It's thought to result from a combination of genetic, nutritional and environmental risk factors, such as a family history of neural tube defects and folate vitamin B-9 deficiency.

Spina bifida is more common among whites and Hispanics, and females are affected more often than males. Although doctors and researchers don't know for sure why spina bifida occurs, they have identified some risk factors:. If you have known risk factors for spina bifida, talk with your doctor to determine if you need a larger dose or prescription dose of folic acid, even before a pregnancy begins. If you take medications, tell your doctor. If you plan ahead, some medications can be adjusted to diminish the potential risk of spina bifida. Spina bifida may cause minimal symptoms or minor physical disabilities.

But severe spina bifida can lead to more significant physical disabilities. Severity is affected by:. This list of possible complications may seem overwhelming, but not all children with spina bifida get all of these complications. And these conditions can be treated. Folic acid, taken in supplement form starting at least one month before conception and continuing through the first trimester of pregnancy, greatly reduces the risk of spina bifida and other neural tube defects. Having enough folic acid in your system by the early weeks of pregnancy is critical to prevent spina bifida. Because many women don't discover that they're pregnant until this time, experts recommend that all adult women of childbearing age take a daily supplement of to 1, micrograms mcg of folic acid.

Several foods are fortified with mcg of folic acid per serving, including:. Folic acid may be listed on food packages as folate, which is the natural form of folic acid found in foods. Adult women who are planning pregnancy or who could become pregnant should be advised to get to mcg of folic acid a day. Your body doesn't absorb folate as easily as it absorbs synthetic folic acid, and most people don't get the recommended amount of folate through diet alone, so vitamin supplements are necessary to prevent spina bifida. And it's possible that folic acid will also help reduce the risk of other birth defects, including cleft lip, cleft palate and some congenital heart defects.

It's also a good idea to eat a healthy diet, including foods rich in folate or enriched with folic acid. This vitamin is present naturally in many foods, including:. If you have spina bifida or if you've previously given birth to a child with spina bifida, you'll need extra folic acid before you become pregnant. If you're taking anti-seizure medications or you have diabetes, you may also benefit from a higher dose of this B vitamin. Check with your doctor before taking additional folic acid supplements. Spina bifida care at Mayo Clinic.

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