John Locke: Political Philosopher

Wednesday, October 13, 2021 7:25:35 AM

John Locke: Political Philosopher



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John Locke - a 5-minute summary of his philosophy

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After graduating in , he returned to Christ Church two years later for a Master of Arts, which led in just a few short years to Locke taking on tutorial work at the college. In Locke was elected a fellow of the Royal Society. He graduated with a bachelor's of medicine in The two grew close and Shaftsbury eventually persuaded Locke to move to London and become his personal physician. As Shaftsbury's stature grew, so did Locke's responsibilities. He assisted in his business and political matters, and after Shaftsbury was made chancellor, Locke became his secretary of presentations. Shaftsbury's influence on Locke's professional career and his political thoughts cannot be understated.

As one of the founders of the Whig party, which pushed for constitutional monarchism and stood in opposition to the dominant Tories, Shaftsbury imparted an outlook on rule and government that never left Locke. In Locke's landmark, Two Treatises of Government put forth his revolutionary ideas concerning the natural rights of man and the social contract.

Both concepts not only stirred waves in England but also impacted the intellectual underpinnings that formed the later American and French revolutions. As England fell under a cloud of possible revolution, Locke became a target of the government. While historical research has pointed to his lack of involvement in the incident, Locke was forced to leave in England in due to a failed assassination attempt of King Charles II and his brother, or what later came to be known as the Rye House Plot.

Exiled in Holland, Locke composed "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding," another groundbreaking work of intellectual might that spanned four books and took on the task of examining the nature of human knowledge. His arrival back in his homeland had come in the aftermath of the dramatic departure of King James II, who'd fled the country, allowing the Whigs to rise to power. Later called the Glorious Revolution of , the event forever changed English government, moving the balance of power from the throne to Parliament. It also set Locke up to be a hero to many in his native country. A hero to the Whig party, Locke remained connected to governmental affairs in his advanced years. He helped steer the resurrection of the Board of Trade, which oversaw England's new territories in North America.

Locke served as one of the body's key members. Long afflicted with delicate health, Locke died on October 28, , in Essex, where he'd resided over the last decade of his life. Years after his death we are still gauging his impact on Western thought. His theories concerning the separation of Church and State, religious freedom, and liberty, not only influenced European thinkers such as the French Enlightenment writer, Voltaire but shaped the thinking of America's founders, from Alexander Hamilton to Thomas Jefferson. We strive for accuracy and fairness.

If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Abuse of power, he insisted, whether it is a matter of domestic, racial, sexual, or religious basis is horrifying to the victims. Unlike Machiavelli, Las Casas believed political leadership is about honesty, justice, fairness, and undisputed respect of humanity. One of Gopniks main point states that the Bill of Rights emphasizes process and procedure rather than principle. What this means is that a criminal can abuse his rights for his own protection. For example Gopnik quotes Stuntz by saying that a criminal can get off a charge simply because the officer who made the arrest didn 't have a proper warrant.

This proves the basis of the Bill of Rights following the one track minded belief that process and procedure is the only way to properly operate a system. Both Stuntz and Gopnik believe that the Bill of Rights could be the cause of the unstable justice system that plagues our communities today. Why or why not? Instead they choose to use flawed logic of individuals to shape their morals, rather than by themselves. Legalism was a very totalitarian system of government in which the ruler had absolute power over his peoples. In theory, of course there were rewards for those who carried out their duties well.

However, in practice, legalists stressed punishment more. Shang Yang was a supporter of Legalism, who believed in forcing citizens to report lawbreakers. He went so far as to say that those who did not report lawbreakers ought to be executed! Legalists abhorred complaints or questions about the government and its policies, and enjoyed arresting those who did complain or question, even burning books with opposing philosophies, if the need arose. Because of victimization and violence in the society, man is born innocent but are corrupted by society. To begin with, man is born innocent but is corrupted through society due to victimization in their surroundings.

For example, in the novel, Lord of the Flies, by William Golding the boys were victims of the island since they were just boys. It is no use to be merciful if by doing so, a prince allows disorder in his state to get out of control. A controlled amount of cruelty, which harms a few, can avert widespread violence and lawlessness, which harms many. Mercy that allows the majority to suffer cannot properly be called mercy.

The main philosophy of John Locke, a famous and well-known Enlightenment philosopher, involves his theory of natural law and natural rights given to mankind. After all, they are obviously putting forth the rights given to us in the constitution and disregarding those rights. So not only does the government deny us our natural rights but also shows signs of corruption. And then it remind me of the fact that the reason why the colonists revolted was because the government denied us of our rights, and the fact that it was becoming corrupt. John Locke is known as a great philosopher who helped create and shape the world as we know it.

His family was known as a liberal Puritan family. He went through different types of schooling throughout his time, while facing some challenges here and there Clapp. Locke was known as a English empiricist moral, political philosopher, he studied at Westminster School, where he studied Hebrew and Arabic Clapp. In order to protect men from having their lives threatened by being drafted , or their liberties jeopardized by not being able to worship freely by a tyrannical government, then universal or near universal suffrage is required Locke would have advocated universal male suffrage, but the principle is the same.

Individual possession would be viewed as inseparable from a person as their life. Should a great disproportion of social and material standing occur, where an unequal distribution of wealth and power exist within society, then, an enfranchised populace through majoritarian democratic practices as expressed by Locke could dissolve such a government. King and his protesters breaking the law. Just laws were created by man and goes along with the ethical law or law of God. Whereas unjust laws contradict just laws and it degrades human character.

Locke got a scholarship to Oxford University where he spent 30 years at Oxford, studying, tutoring, and writing. He wrote influential political science and philosophy.

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