Who Is The Film Auteur In Hitchcocks Films?
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Interesting Facts About Hitchcock I Alfred Hitchcock - Cinemathoughts
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Largely created by Truffaut in his famous essay a certain tendency in French Cinema he argued that a film, through the way in which its images are presented to the audience on the screen, should express and reflect the personality of the director. This policy later became known as the auter theory. One of the largest differences between film and movie, was Jordan was casually dating Mr. During the film it was never stated if they are dating and it seems that Jordan has already been taken by another person who the viewers never get introduced too. Another large difference is how she was only used for the major plot of getting Gatsby and Daisy back together.
In the novel she had dates and was more of an active role in Nick 's life. There is a reason why his films are thought to be so successful. Are they successful because of the context of each film? What tactics does this man use to create such wonderful masterpieces? Also would some people consider Chaplin to be a auteur? Griffith's influence on cinema and culture David Wark Griffith has had an enormous influence on cinema and culture throughout many of his films. He was one of the first figures in cinema to begin and start a movement in camera use as well as radical movie directory. David Griffith was an American actor, writer, director, and producer. As well as one of the first figures to advance cinema at the time and begin a movement, both through use of camera and culture depiction of the era.
In looking at the sequel phenomenon one must consider Raiders of the Lost Ark, which made its debut in John Williams brings us one of his finest film scores in which, during the opening credits, we hear a full synopsis of the themes from the film. The fashion and film industry throughout the start of the s decade, introduced a prosperous, new era of trends and styles for American citizens and the film industry faced a number of hampering obstacles, that threatened it legally and business-wise. Fashion and film-wise, it caused teenagers to do their own manipulating, rejecting their parent 's styles to make their own path. It shaped the United States and was known as a time of fashion where everyone could feel good about themselves.
The film industry and the government also influenced and impacted many cultural trends in real life, changing the way many people of all colors dressed and saw movies throughout the s era. Essays Essays FlashCards. Browse Essays. Sign in. Essay Sample Check Writing Quality. Show More. Bruno proposes they do each other a favor by murdering the people in their lives who make them miserable. Because they are complete strangers, no one will ever figure it out. Guy thinks it's a sick joke, but when Guy's wife, Miriam, is murdered and Bruno demands Guy hold up his end of the bargain, Guy knows he is in trouble.
Hitchcock came up with some demonically good shots in this film, including the reflection of Bruno murdering Miriam in Miriam's dropped glasses. The scene with the carousel is also outstanding in its compositions and movement. Hitchcock additionally changed some elements of the novel to better fit his own pet themes, including keeping Guy innocent of murder so that he can be exonerated at the end of his suffering, whereas in the novel, he kills Bruno's father. Even the Master of Suspense succumbed to the s fad that was 3D. What sets Hitchcock's "Dial M for Murder" apart from the other 3D films of the era was the relative lack of gimmicky items coming out at the audience.
Instead, Hitchcock used the medium to create a depth of field that makes the film look more like the play it was based on. Tony knows Margot, who is the wealthy one in the marriage, cheated on him, so he decides to kill her for her money. He sets in motion a complex plan that involves blackmail, surveillance, and murder-for-hire to get rid of Margot, but it goes haywire when Margot kills her would-be murderer in self-defense. Tony saves his plan by making her look guilty of premeditation, and she is convicted and sentenced to die. Unfortunately for Tony, Margot's lover is a crime novelist who realizes something about Tony's story is not right.
The 3D version of the film did not do well with audiences, prompting exhibitors to beg to show the "flat" version instead, where the film did much better. Hitchcock does use some camera tricks to take advantage of the 3D, but does not rely on them, instead focusing on what will serve the story over what could — and did — go out of fashion. In Hitchcock's first film at Paramount, "Rear Window," he again used Technicolor to excellent effect. His girlfriend, Lisa, played by Grace Kelly, checks in on him, as does his nurse an underappreciated Thelma Ritter. To pass the time, Jeff uses his high-powered camera lenses and binoculars to spy on his neighbors across the courtyard, giving them nicknames and speculating with Lisa on their lives.
While alone one night, he hears a scream and becomes convinced that Lars Thorwald, played by Raymond Burr, has murdered his wife. Lisa eventually believes Jeff and tries to help prove his theory, despite it putting her in great peril. Hitchcock explores the psychological theme of voyeurism through Jeff's snooping. Because the entire story unfolds from Jeff's point of view, the audience is implicated in his gaze, a theory that has spawned countless academic articles and undergraduate essays. Hitchcock also deftly juxtaposes Jeff's stagnant helplessness with Lisa's burgeoning adventurousness, a sly bit of gender-role swapping in a more restrictive time. Kelly is flawless as the glamorous Lisa, while Stewart's Everyman persona fits Jeff perfectly.
Hitchcock excelled at typecasting, believing that an audience with preconceived ideas of the actors aided characterization. The film deals with the theme of obsession — in this case, Scottie's obsession with certain women. Gavin claims Madeleine is mentally fragile and needs Scottie to watch her. Scottie becomes infatuated with the tormented Madeleine, who eventually commits suicide.
Scottie soon has a breakdown, not knowing what's real and what's not. When a woman named Judy who looks an awful lot like Madeleine appears, it furthers Scottie's obsession and he tries to change her into a copy of Madeleine. Is Scottie insane? Or is Judy really Madeleine, and there's a conspiracy afoot? Apart from Hitchcock's use of the dolly zoom how he gets that "vertigo" effect and camera shots such as high angles to produce specific reactions, he also had other techniques he used on audiences, as he told Mike Scott in a famous interview. These include manipulating the audience's emotions, letting the audience have more information than the characters, using everyman characters for better audience identification, using locations as part of the story, and providing suspense throughout.
While these may seem typical now, Hitchcock carefully combined them in masterworks such as "Vertigo" to keep you glued to your seat. Paramount developed VistaVision to compete with CinemaScope , and Hitchcock took full advantage of its bigger visual canvas. Another spy thriller, "North by Northwest" continues Hitchcock's use of the Everyman stereotype, though Cary Grant's Roger Thornhill is a little suaver than the average guy. Thornhill is kidnapped by spies in a case of mistaken identity, and when they realize it, they try to kill him. He's then drawn into an intricate web of lies, falling for Eve Kendall Eva Marie Saint , who may or may not be a devious spy herself.
The ever-watchable James Mason stars as enemy spy Phillip Vandamm. Thornhill is not entirely "innocent" — there's a running joke that he does not return his mother's calls, making him a bad son. The film also has more humor than is usual in Hitchcock thrillers. Film fans will want to see it not only because it's entertaining as all get out, but because it has some of Hitchcock's most iconic visuals, including the scene of Thornhill being chased by agents in a crop duster and a chase that takes place on Mount Rushmore.
In the middle of Hitchcock's Technicolor years, he chose to film "Psycho" in black and white. The starkness of the lighting and shadows adds to the horror that begins once Janet Leigh's Marion Crane gets to the infamous Bates Motel and gets the attention of Norman Bates Anthony Perkins — and Norman's jealous mother. Considered a classic horror film, "Psycho" never actually shows Marion getting stabbed in the infamous shower scene.
Through clever camera angles and editing, Hitchcock tricked audiences into thinking they saw Norman's knife go into Marion's body, but it never touches her. A breakdown of the scene on History notes that there were "78 camera set-ups and 52 edits," enough to convince a generation they'd seen something that was never shown. One of the reasons for Hitchcock's ingenuity was the Hays Code , which restricted what could be shown on screen, including content. The marketing for the film was elaborate, too, to get people away from their televisions and back into theaters, and included not allowing latecomers to enter the theater, courting the film's controversy, and asking people not to reveal the film's biggest shock.
We're not saying Hitchcock invented "No spoilers ," but The film is based on Daphne du Maurier's story "The Birds," although Hitchcock's interpretation is much looser than when he adapted "Rebecca. Tippi Hedren, one of Hitchcock's "icy blondes," stars as Melanie Daniels, a socialite in the news for frivolous acts. She meets Mitch Rod Taylor , who's in town to buy lovebirds for his young sister, Cathy, played by Veronica Cartwright. Melanie winds up bringing the birds to Mitch's house in Bodega Bay, where she meets his ex-girlfriend, Annie Suzanne Pleshette , and his domineering mother, Lydia Jessica Tandy.
The attacks by the birds are easy to dismiss at first as strange accidents, but when they begin assaulting the townspeople en masse, Melanie is blamed by the hysterical, insular residents. Hitchcock would solidify his horror bona fides with "The Birds. Watching the kids, Melanie, and Annie try to walk past the crows without riling them up is almost unbearably tense. Couple that with the noise the birds make courtesy of composer Bernard Herrmann , who also composed the famous score from "Psycho," and you have avian terror that has yet to be equaled.
While "Torn Curtain" was not as critically well-received as Hitchcock's past films, it's still worth a watch for film fans to see how Hitchcock handled working with two actors he didn't exactly want in a story that wound up being a more generic spy thriller than he'd made in the past. Things are not what they seem, of course, as it's revealed Michael is really undercover. It then becomes a matter of Michael and Sarah getting out of East Germany alive once Michael gets the information he's after. Behind the scenes, Hitchcock was pressured to hire Newman and Andrews, who were both costly. Andrews commanded a large salary Hitchcock didn't want to pay now that he was producing — and thus, paying for — his own movies. As for Newman, his method acting rubbed Hitchcock the wrong way, and the two didn't get along.
Still, "Torn Curtain" has the famously long, somewhat sickening scene showing just how hard it is to kill someone. Hitchcock's final film, "Family Plot," is a macabre comedy with a pun for a title. It was a bigger hit with critics than with audiences, something that seemingly depressed Hitchcock, according to Truffaut's book. She pretends to be psychic based on information he gleans from potential marks he drives in his taxi. A wealthy woman winds up hiring the pair to find the heir to her vast fortune. They also happen to kidnap rich people and ransom them for jewels. It turns out Arthur is the heir, and he's not especially pleased that someone's trying to find him. Murder and mayhem follow. Though Hitchcock wanted to hire more marquee names, such as Jack Nicholson for George and Goldie Hawn for Blanche, he was happy with the actors he had, and not just because they cost less in salary.
And though audiences may not have been as enthusiastic for "Family Plot" as audiences were for "Psycho," the former is worth watching to see the culmination of the great Master of Suspense's career. The 39 Steps Gaumont British.